V20 Ministerial Communiqué: Ministerial Dialogue IV

Ministerial Dialogue IV of the Vulnerable Twenty (V20) Group

23 April 2017 – Washington, DC

Download the Communiqué (English, PDF, 0.5mb)

Photos of the event (Flickr)


The V20 countries are both the world’s most vulnerable economies and the most promising ones in terms of growth potential. That potential, along with our and other countries’ very existence, is threatened by climate change. Faced with this challenge and a tremendous urgency for climate action, all financial flows, including those of multilateral development banks, should be aligned with the Paris Agreement, the 1.5 degrees Celsius temperature limit, and our members economies’ 100% renewable energy vision in support of sustainable development.

Insufficient resources for climate protection will only create economic instability. Investing in climate action, by contrast, is critical to inclusive development, job security and economic growth. This is an opportunity not just for the V20 economies but for the global economy as well.

The V20-G20 dialogue, initiated today, is an important engagement tool in that regard; one that highlights how climate action is mutually beneficial to different economies. We need to pursue and deepen this engagement with a spirit of international partnership along commonly held goals. It is time to act strategically to advance truly transformational programs that redesign nothing less than the investment agenda of the world economy.

V20 Activities

  1. We welcomed and confirmed five new V20 members and designated the Marshall Islands as the future Group Chair from October 2018.
  1. Towards the realization of the V20 Action Plan, members have begun efforts to mobilize a significantly higher level of financial resources for member climate action by 2020, commencing with a first Regional Consultation for the Asia-Pacific, held at Manila, Philippines on 8-10 March 2017. Further consultation efforts are planned, including the V20 Regional Consultations for the Caribbean and Latin America (July 2017) and Africa and the Middle East (September 2017).
  1. We have decided to establish a Task Force of independent experts to assess the financial requirements for climate action consistent with the Paris Agreement, with a view of delivering maximal resilience and low carbon development consistent with the 1.5 Celsius limit.
  1. The V20 Focus Groups on Advocacy and Partnerships, Climate Accounting and Risk convened in November 2016 at Marrakech, Morocco and in March 2017 at Manila, Philippines.
  1. We thank the Asian Development Bank, the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank Group for its involvement in the V20 Regional Consultations to-date and encourage broad cooperation with Regional Multilateral Development Banks in the V20 Action Plan.
  1. Further to the 2017 V20 Disaster Risk Financing Workshops, we request the World Bank to provide V20 members with capacity building and financial support to develop their institutional capacity as a part of their broader fiscal risk management agenda and to provide financial and technical support to implement the activities of the V20 Focus Group on Risk.
  1. We endorsed the Framework Document for the Global Preparedness Partnership, and resolved to form a sub-committee to oversee its operationalization together with key partners.


Climate Finance

  1. V20 Members continue to pursue ambitious climate action and to pioneer innovation in climate change financing with leading global examples in renewable energy access, ecosystem services and micro-insurance solutions that have changed lives and expanded sustainability at scale.
  1. We urge the G20 countries to deliver their long-term low-emissions development strategies before 2020, and call on them to deliver ambitious climate change action as part of the G20 outcome in July. Pulling resources from climate protection will create economic instability. Investing in climate action is necessary and critical to inclusive development and economic growth.
  1. In a significant step, we have resolved to establish a technical committee to develop multi-country financing initiatives towards the advancement the V20 Action Plan and its aim of attaining a significant increase in climate investment in V20 countries through the member driven application of financial innovations in collaboration with our wide-ranging partners while leveraging finance in all its forms.
  1. Challenges and difficulties in accessing international climate change finance persist and continue to hold back the realization of national climate actions in vulnerable developing countries. Delivering the Paris Agreement will require financial flows to increase in both scale and predictability.
  1. We welcome the Roadmap presented by developed countries outlining a pathway to achieving their $100 billion per year joint climate finance mobilization target, which is the collective responsibility of all the developed countries to deliver on. We look forward to further clarification on the extent to which the Roadmap’s contributions will provide new and additional resources.
  1. We emphasize the criticality of the $100 billion commitment and the need to significantly upscale concessional financial means via Multilateral Development Banks for achieving transformational change in line with the Paris Agreement and its objective of limiting warming to no more than, if not well below, 1.5 Celsius.
  1. We reaffirm the need to increase prioritization of adaptation finance to ensure a 50:50 balance of finance for adaptation and mitigation by 2020, calling for continued scaling up of financial support in a balanced manner. We welcome those developed countries that have already achieved, or are nearly at, a 50:50 balance in their international climate change finance contributions between adaptation and mitigation. Today, these countries include Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland, but we believe more can join them and we will celebrate those who do.


Financial System

  1. We welcome the recommendations from the Financial Stability Board Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures, while highlighting that the compatibility with the 1.5 Celsius limit should be an integral part of what these disclosures address.
  1. We reaffirm the V20’s interest to engage in discussion and collaborate towards the effective implementation of the Task Force recommendations, as well as to work with UNEP Inquiry to further study the development policy implications of green finance and the Task Force’s recommendations.
  1. We call for market distorting fossil fuel production subsidies to be removed immediately and no later than 2020, and urge the G20 to set such a clear timeframe for fossil fuel subsidy elimination. Fossil fuel consumption subsidies need to be checked rigorously whether they provide an actual benefit to the poor, and subsequently should be replaced worldwide without harm to those relying on them for their basic energy needs.
  1. We call on the G20 to lead with the V20 in a drive towards ensuring all emissions are subjected to carbon pricing.
  1. Further to the V20 commitment to work to put in place carbon pricing mechanisms by 2025, we highlight the progress made by a number of members towards this end, and call for additional support from International Financial Institutions to assist the efforts of members in this respect.
  1. We agreed to continue to expand the dialogue with the G20 and our advocacy with international financial institutions. We shall reconvene in an expanded format in October 2017 in conjunction with the Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group and will assure the economic and financial preparation of the 2018 Summit of the member states of the Climate Vulnerable Forum in conjunction with relevant government and other partners.

The Vulnerable Twenty Group of Ministers of Finance

Washington, DC – 23 April 2017

Spring 2017 V20 High Level Events

V20 Ministers of Finance Activities at Washington, DC – 22-23 April 2017

The Vulnerable Twenty (V20) Group of Ministers of Finance will reconvene during the 2017 Spring Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group to advance the climate change finance agenda of economies systemically vulnerable to climate change. The V20 Group will progress its 2020 Action Plan following the Regional Consultation for the Asia-Pacific at the Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines and the meetings of its Focus Groups on Advocacy and Partnerships, Climate Accounting and Risk.

Key meetings

V20 Ministerial Dialogue IV: Sunday 23 April, 8:30am–10:30am, Board Room MC13-121, World Bank Main Complex
Statements and documents available here.


V20 Deputies/Senior Officials Meeting: Saturday 22 April, 9:30am–11:00am, Board Room MC4-800, World Bank Main Complex
For more information, please contact: secretariat@V-20.org
Photo caption: V20 Ministerial Dialogue III, Oct 2016; Source: CVF/V20; License: CC BY-NC 2.0

V20 Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting

V20 Asia-Pacific Regional Consultation and Workshop on Financial Protection against Climate and Disaster Risks

Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines, Wednesday 8 March – Friday 10 March 2017

Representatives of the V20 finance ministries from across the Asia-Pacific Region will convene in Manila from 8-10 March in the first of three Regional Consultations the Group plans to hold in 2017.
The 2017 V20 Regional Consultations provide an opportunity for V20 Members to share knowledge, strengthen external engagement and incubate innovative initiatives building on national climate finance experiences. The Consultations will inform the V20’s Ministerial Dialogues and are central to the Group’s Implementation Work Plan and objective of fostering increased investment in climate resiliency and low emissions development in member economies by 2020. Each Regional Consultation brings together senior officials from V20 ministries of finance, international and regional development banks, international organizations, and other stakeholder groups. The event is being held in conjunction with meetings of the V20’s Focus Group Co-Chairs on the topics of advocacy and partnerships, climate accounting, and risk.
A workshop on financial protection against climate and disaster risks will also take place during the Manila V20 regional conference as co-organized co-organized with the Disaster Risk Finance and Insurance Program, which is a joint program of the World Bank Group and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), together with the Asian Development Bank. The workshop will provide an overview of the different financial protection instruments available to manage climate disaster risks and showcase case studies on disaster risk financing from across the globe.
Photo Caption: View of the Asian Development Bank building in the Philippines.; Photo Credit: Asian Development Bank; License: CC BY-NC 2.0

V20 Chair Appeal to German G20 Presidency on Climate Change

V20 Chair Appeal to German G20 Presidency on Climate Change

Opinion Editorial by H.E. Mr. Abraham Tekeste, Minister of Finance and Economic Cooperation of Ethiopia, for the Frankfurter Rundschau
Read the original article (German, external link)
After the paradigm-shifting year of 2015, with the Agenda 2030 and the Paris Agreement, it is now time for the G20 economies to put their money and action where their mouth is: to limit global warming to 1.5° requires immediate action everywhere. The survival of the most vulnerable countries depends on it.
As a group of 43 vulnerable countries, the V20 under the leadership of Ethiopia is willing to act at home, reducing emissions, investing in resilience and putting a price on carbon. However, we also need the world’s largest and most powerful countries to continue their effort. They can do that by scaling up financial support and improving the accessibility and predictability of international finance for both climate change activities and development assistance. Developed countries’ financial contributions must significantly increase to Funds that are established to support the concrete adaptation and urgent and immediate needs of developing countries such as the Least Developed Countries Funds (LDCF) and the Adaptation Fund, which are focusing on the most vulnerable, and the Green Climate Fund. This would better equip the developing countries who face financial hurdles to implement their NDCs and countries to collectively achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs). The German G7 presidency has shown great leadership and played a vital role in putting the need to decarbonize the global economy on the global agenda. Now all eyes rest on Angela Merkel who can show the same leadership during the upcoming German G20 presidency.
For vulnerable countries, the 1.5°C limit is a matter of survival. To hold global warming below that threshold, immediate and swift action by the major polluters is needed. It is of utmost importance that the G20 nations, who are responsible for approximately 85% of global CO2 emissions, develop long-term low greenhouse gas development strategies, as soon as possible, to guide a shift of investment from brown to green and avoid a dangerous and costly lock-in. With its own 2050 climate protection plan, Germany has shown the world how such strategies could be developed. Even if the plan will need further strengthening to be compatible with the 1.5°C limit, it provides an important signal to the global community and to companies and investors that Germany is serious about the path to decarbonization. Next year, Chancellor Merkel now should convince as many of her G20 partners as possible to develop and submit their national 2050 strategies by 2018, in order to inform the global stock take and enable a lifting up of ambitions.
Similarly, businesses need to develop decarbonisation plans, and should undergo stress-testing showing how well they are equipped for a 1.5°-world, and the policies leading towards it.
Infrastructure is vital for sustainable development. There is a huge gap in financing infrastructure in both developing and industrialized countries. The world’s energy and transport infrastructure, but also buildings sector has to be developed in a sustainable, climate resilient manner in order to minimize damages from climate change and provide important services to all people without adding more and more emissions. Investments by international financial institutions and multilateral development banks need to be aligned with the 1.5°C limit – criteria need to be developed and applied that fosters green investments and also stops public money from flowing into old technologies that harm the climate when green opportunities for growth and resilience are available.
It is hard for green technologies to compete in a marketplace where climate finance is marginal and subsidies for fossil fuels are hundreds of billions of dollars a year. We need to change that for the green economy to thrive. Carbon pricing mechanisms are one effective way of shifting the market dynamics to work for the green economy by forcing market actors to account for climate externalities not currently affecting corporate decision-making. Such tools could provide revenues that could be used for investments in low-carbon, climate resilient infrastructure both domestically and, for example through a share-of-proceeds approach for financing much-needed sustainable infrastructure in developing countries. However, the vulnerable countries are going to require significant assistance in capacity and institution building support in order to effectively put in place such market-based tools. It would also make great sense to invest in our South South cooperation so that those vulnerable developing countries that are already making heawdway on such topics, can help the others among us who are just starting out with such initiatives. The 20 billion yuan ($3 billion US) contribution of China to support South South to support climate change adaptation and low carbon efforts of developing countries is a vital contribution that other G20 economies can help to complement.
Germany has already announced there will be a particular focus on Africa during its presidency. This is welcome as our continent is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. We would like to offer a partnership to Germany and its G20 countries to help insure the most vulnerable countries against climate change and to rapidly develop renewable energy in vulnerable countries around the world and across Africa. Under its G7 presidency, Germany has announced support both for climate insurance mechanisms (InsuResilience) and for renewable energy in Africa. The G20 presidency is an opportunity to further develop and grow theses initiatives and make sure they benefit first and foremost the poorest and most vulnerable. We stand ready to discuss these issues with the G20 presidency just as we are moving to invest the resources at our disposal towards advancing climate-resilient and renewable-powered development.
We would encourage the German G20 presidency to start a formal G20-V20 dialogue where we can work on these pressing issues together in the spirit of cooperation.

V20 Focus Groups to Convene in Marrakech

V20 Focus Groups to Convene in Marrakech

V20 Focus Group Meetings

What: The first meetings of the V20 Focus Groups on Climate Accounting, Advocacy and Partnerships, and Risk (Pooling) that were established in the 2nd V20 Ministerial Communique in April 2016.
When: Thursday 17 November 2016
Where: CVF Delegation Space, Blue Zone, UNFCCC COP22, Bab Ighli at Marrakech, Kingdom of Morocco
  • Ethiopia, V20 Chair
  • Costa Rica and Nepal, Climate Accounting Co-Leads
  • Bangladesh and Marshall Islands, Advocacy and Partnerships Co-Leads
  • Philippines and Barbados, Climate Risk Co-Leads (tbc)
  • Representatives from the World Resources Institute, Climate Analytics, HSBC, Swiss Re, BMUB, GEF, World Bank, IDF, Munich Re
Provisional Programme (pdf, 0.1mb)

V20 to hold 3rd Ministerial Dialogue

V20 High-Level Meeting at 2016 Annual Meetings of the World Bank Group and IMF

6 October 2016, Washington, DC
V20 Ministers of Finance will convene in Washington DC for the third V20 Ministerial Dialogue on 6 October 2016. The meeting will mark the transition of presidencies from the founding Chair, Philippines, to Ethiopia, who assumed the Chair of the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) in August 2016. The event will present updates on key initiatives launched by the V20, including the Global Preparedness Partnership. It will also facilitate the sharing of presentations from members on national experiences of climate finance. The Dialogue is expected to conclude with presentations from the three V20 Focus Groups established in the 2nd V20 Ministerial Dialogue in April 2016, outlining next steps in the areas of Advocacy and Partnerships, Climate Accounting and Risk.
Participation in the 3rd V20 Ministerial Dialogue is by invitation only and subject to registration for the World Bank and IMF Spring Meetings. Accredited media will be invited to attend a segment of the meeting.
Photo Caption: World Bank Main Complex Building Photo Credit: World Bank CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Fiji’s Statement: World Humanitarian Summit Roundtable

High-Level Leaders’ Roundtable: Natural Disasters & Climate Change: Managing Risks and Crises Differently

24 May 2016 (9:00 am to 11:00 am) Beyazit Hall, B-2 Floor, ICC, Istanbul, Turkey
Hon. Inia Seruiratu, Minister for Agriculture, Rural and Maritime Development and National Disaster Management, Fiji
Download the Statement (Pdf, English, 0.1mb)
Fiji is giving enthusiastic support to the Vulnerable 20’s Global Preparedness Partnership, given our recent experience dealing with a severe natural disaster in the form of Tropical Cyclone Winston.
We had been satisfied with our own preparedness and response to the previous event – Cyclone Evan at the end of 2012 – in which no Fijian lives were lost despite the widespread destruction it caused to homes and infrastructure. But we are the first to acknowledge that Cyclone Winston three months ago stretched our resources to breaking point. And while the effectiveness of Fiji’s overall response has been praised by our development partners, we realise that we need to do a lot better next time. And we need the support of the global community through this initiative to do so.
Winston’s crushing strength – a Category 5 event with winds of more than 300 kilometres an hour – made it the most powerful cyclone ever to make landfall in the southern hemisphere. Despite our best efforts, 44 Fijians were killed, 40,000 homes were damaged or destroyed, along with public buildings and infrastructure. And it has left us with a damage bill of 1.4 billion US dollars that will take many years to repair.
We were extremely fortunate to have our own relief effort reinforced so quickly and effectively by our friends in the region and the rest of the world. And especially the hundreds of military personnel from Australia, New Zealand, France and Tonga – backed up by warships and aircraft – who were able to assist Fijian relief workers cope with the vast challenge Winston presented.
We are extremely grateful to these nations and others – notably India, China, Korea and the UAE – that undertook airlifts of relief supplies or gave donations in cash or in kind. But the scale of this disaster has been a sobering lesson to us all of the inadequacy of our current preparedness and the acute need to upgrade our response to future events.
Fiji is now going to the world appealing for access to the finance we need to rebuild our homes and infrastructure to a much higher standard to  withstand such events. And we are revaluating our disaster preparedness for a new era in which the scientists tell us that we can expect stronger and more frequent cyclones because of climate change.
Fiji urges the community of nations to embrace the V20’s Global Preparedness Partnership to provide the funding we need to prepare for future disasters. The world must set aside enough resources to deal with the new frightening new era that is dawning on small and vulnerable nations because of extreme weather events and rising sea levels. And I am here to testify that if any example is required of the urgent need to implement this initiative, Fiji’s experience with Winston is it.
Photo Caption: The High-Level Leaders’ Roundtable on “Managing Risks and Crises Differently.” Photo Credit: World Humanitarian Summit via Flickr. Photo Licence: CC BY-ND 2.0

Joint V20-CVF Statement: World Humanitarian Summit Roundtable

High-Level Leaders’ Roundtable: Natural Disasters & Climate Change: Managing Risks and Crises Differently

24 May 2016 (9:00 am to 11:00 am) Beyazit Hall, B-2 Floor, ICC, Istanbul, Turkey
Hon. Roberto B. Tan, Treasurer of the Philippines, Department of Finance, Republic of the Philippines
Download the Statement (English, Pdf)
 Part 1: Country Statement
Mr. President, Excellencies, Honourable Colleagues and Partners, Ladies and Gentlemen, good morning!
This year, the rise in the global temperature marks the hottest ever recorded, prompting scientists to declare a climate emergency.
This climate phenomenon exposes humanity, particularly the most vulnerable, to increasing risks caused by weather-related extreme events and sea level rise.
To face the new normal, we acknowledge the need to further act to protect our people and our future.
Under Core Commitment 2, the Philippines is keen on working towards enhancing financial and social protection and further implementing our disaster risk financing and insurance strategy at various levels.
Using our budget, we will further prioritize investments on resiliency and adaptation, including building more resilient structures and using our natural systems. We will also improve the strategic use of our national and local funds on preparedness and prevention.
In sync with our public finance reforms, we will develop or strengthen policies to achieve better planning, including on procurement, and update our DRRM law.
We will continue to improve efforts in DRR such as the Pre-Disaster Risk Assessment (PDRA).
We will build on our experience in tracking our expenditures on climate action. Upholding good governance, the Philippines will continue to improve the accounting of disaster aid and enhance our coordination mechanisms to request and accept international assistance [through the guidelines for the Philippine International Humanitarian Assistance Center (PIHAC)].
Under Core Commitment 5, the Philippines will continue to participate in global platforms to develop common humanitarian civil-military coordination standards by taking a lead role in the UN Civil Military Cooperation.
The Philippines will uphold its commitment as a signatory to the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) in coordinating humanitarian assistance in the region.
We will remain committed to support and actively engage in the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Part 2: Joint V20–CVF Statement at the World Humanitarian Summit
Mr. President, the Philippines chairs the Vulnerable Twenty Group of Finance Ministers (the V20) and its associated initiative, the Climate Vulnerable Forum, representing 1 billion people highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
We are highlighting at this Summit that dealing with climate change is now indispensable to dealing with humanitarian crises.
The landmark Paris Agreement and its goal of pursuing efforts to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius must be fully implemented if we are to have hope of containing such escalating risks and their humanitarian repercussions.
Even limiting warming to 1.5 degrees, however, would still lead to approximately a doubling of effects. This is why climate finance flows to help communities adapt is as critical as funds for emission controls.
Achieving this balance by 2020 is not only a major humanitarian priority that will save lives. It also makes financial sense.
Consider that 56 billion dollars have been spent on humanitarian response by international donors in the 43 V20 countries between 1991 and 2010. This equates to 31.7% of total international humanitarian financing, which was $176.8 billion. However, in this same period only $13.5 billion was spent by the international community worldwide on Disaster Risk Reduction and preparedness. Where is the logic?
We are convinced that investing in preparedness is a no regret, cost effective investment for everyone. That is why the V20 is spearheading the launch of a major new initiative: the Global Preparedness Partnership. With the support of the international community, we can put a different, anticipatory and more cost-efficient formula into action.
We urge you to join forces in the Global Preparedness Partnership so that the most at-risk countries can achieve a minimum level of readiness to future shocks.
Part 3: Closing
Mr. President, we have put forward today what the Philippines is willing to invest in for the future of humanity. Our group of 43 countries resonates the call to action and will count on partners to work with us on tangible investments such as on preparedness.
Thank you, Mr. President.

V20 Ministerial Communiqué

2nd Ministerial Communique: Vulnerable Twenty Group of Ministers of Finance

14 April 2016 | Washington DC
2nd Ministerial Dialogue of the Vulnerable Twenty (V20) Group
V20 Communique (English, Pdf, 0.2mb)
  1. We met in Washington, DC on this 14th day of April for our second gathering as Finance Ministers of developing economies systemically vulnerable to climate change chaired by Hon. Cesar Purisima, Secretary of Finance of the Philippines with Bangladesh and Costa Rica as Troika Co-Chairs. We reviewed progress in responding to this defining challenge in our time for survival and for the economy, and we advanced our collective work.
  1. We recognized 23 new V20 members considerably strengthening our dedicated cooperation for enhanced economic and financial actions to address climate change while remaining true to the core needs of members most threatened by global warming. Our economies are home to one billion people whose fate hinges on an effective response.
  1. We called for bolder action by the world’s major economies, strengthened international partnership and reaffirmed our intentions to lead, despite our marginal contribution to global emissions, through actions at home to the limits of our capabilities. We take pride in our successful efforts advocating for the landmark new 1.5 degrees Celsius warming target agreed at Paris in December 2015. We now devote our energies to ensuring a financial system consistent with 1.5 degrees and the reinforcing of the resilience of vulnerable groups around the world.
  1. We expressed alarm at the shattering in 2015 of all temperature records and for surpassing a 1 degree Celsius rise in heat above the pre-industrial era norm. Vulnerable countries continue to suffer disproportionately from the fast accelerating rates of the planet’s warming. In past months we have struggled with widespread heavy rainfall, severe drought in Southern Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, unprecedented cyclones and kingtides in the Pacific and heatwaves in Asia and Latin America. We face coastal flooding and erosion in our low elevation zones, increasingly adverse thermal conditions for much of our workforce, the compounding of regional security challenges and infringements to fundamental human rights. Even at 1.5 degrees, we will experience a considerable progression of impacts and dangers, underscoring the criticality and urgency of investing in increased resilience and adaptation. The impact of climate change, however, affects us all and carries macro-economic repercussions for growth already embedded as a negative weight on the global recovery.
  1. Determined to overcome these challenges, we fight on with renewed hope. Carbon emissions growth stalled for the second year in a row in tandem with global economic expansion. In addition, the past year saw around 90% of new energy production provided by renewables, according to the International Energy Agency, pointing to the clear compatibility of economic and climate change policies and the potential for further change. Strengthening responses to climate change will reinforce global economic recovery and help restore robust, sustained and balanced growth by containing explosive and costly climate change risks that worsen inequalities and harm people, communities and the world economy. Such actions are a humanitarian priority for protecting fundamental human rights.
Our Actions
  1. We presented our Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to reduce emissions under the new Paris Agreement as a first step to action. These INDCs are also the foundations of investment platforms for transformational economic action. Their realization calls for the delivery of additional and concessional international financing that safeguards debt sustainability, as we strive at ambition in communicated national adaptation and mitigation objectives that our Group aims to see realized, if not surpassed.
  1. We are advancing in parallel with the realization of our 2020 Action Plan to foster a significant increase in the level of resources from all sources to support ambition in our national climate actions. In the context of our Work Plan for implementing V20 priorities, we agreed on the commencement of the first phase of our Action Plan with an initial series of National-Regional Consultations to be hosted by Bangladesh and Philippines. We also established Focus Groups of our members to advance our work in the areas of Advocacy and Partnerships, Climate Accounting, and Risk Pooling. We welcomed the support of a wide range of partners and multilateral institutions behind our activities and look forward to building further on our collaborations moving forward with urgency in our response to climate change in the areas of disaster preparedness, financial protection, financial flow analysis, carbon pricing, public-private partnerships and risk pooling.
  1. In the context of our Action Plan, we agreed to enhance financial protection by addressing financial resilience against climate and disaster risks at national and regional levels. This includes a focus on strategies to improve the financial management of climate and disaster risks, and strengthen each country’s ability to recover from climate-related disaster shocks building from core principles of country ownership; sustainability; contingency planning; accountability; and private sector involvement.
  1. We recognize the vital role of the private sector in generating transformation change to the world economy and in our domestic markets. In doing so, we moved to create a platform for collaboration with the private sector focused on investment opportunities associated with responding to the challenges of climate change through innovations in the sectors of energy, transportation, infrastructure, buildings, agriculture, water supplies, well-planned migration, and other areas. The platform will also focus on publics-private partnership best practice, and on policies and initiatives to mobilize investment and other forms of private sector collaboration.
  1. We reiterate our strong support for innovative revenue generating fiscal and financial measures to raise finance, stimulate technological innovation and redirect investment toward climate resilient and low-emissions development. In this respect and with consideration to each country’s respective capabilities, we commit to support carbon pricing by working to establish pricing regimes within the next decade. As a first step towards the realization of that vision, we will begin work with international partners and platforms–including the Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition and Market Readiness Partnership–to review options and best practices and engage in advocacy to promote similar steps in other markets towards the goal of a greatly increased share of global emissions subject to pricing. We request the Secretariat to prepare a working paper based on these interactions and agree to revisit collective implementation ideas at the next V20 Ministerial Dialogue. We also reaffirm our support for the urgency of carrying out innovative financial measures, including Financial Transaction Tax, as contributions to closing financial gaps between Paris Agreement objectives and the inadequacies of projected flows.
  1. We will continue our work in the area of improving financial accounting including valuation of the costs of climate change and the co-benefits of climate action in order to inform sound and refined economic policy-making domestically and at international level. In particular, we will promote methods and approaches to internalizing the externalities of climate change into finance since the factoring of these costs is essential to altering business-as-usual courses of action and to driving greater ambition. We appreciate and call for further analytical research into the nature of international climate change finance flows with respect to UNFCCC commitments and the independent commitment of developed countries to provide 0.7% GNI in Official Development Assistance. Our work in this domain will continue under the Focus Group on climate accounting.
  1. Extending insurance coverage, ensuring grass-roots access and expanding risk pooling represent tremendous opportunities for increasing resilience to the wide array of climate-related catastrophes that continue to set back the lives of our people. Having reviewed the V20-mandated study prepared by the Secretariat into options for the creation of a V20 Risk Pooling Mechanism, we note that half the population of V20 countries lack access to external pooling mechanisms of any kind. Recognizing the importance of risk pooling for lowering premiums, extending insurance coverage, increasing pay-out reliability and promoting risk reduction, we agreed to move forward with the initiative. Building on the initial study, the Focus Group for Risk Pooling is tasked with developing a complete proposal for the Mechanism within one year in further consultations with key stakeholders.
Paris Agreement
  1. We strongly welcome the adoption of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and its enshrining of our key priority to limit warming to not more than 1.5 degrees Celsius, keeping temperatures well below 2 degrees. We also welcome the new global goal on adaptation for enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability and the new significance the Agreement accords to climate justice, human rights and loss and damage. Early ratification/accession led by the vulnerable countries–Fiji, Palau and Marshall Islands–is an immediate priority for all nations, and essential to give effect to the framework. Efforts should immediately be undertaken to implement and increase the ambition of national commitments to achieve compliance with a 1.5 degrees goal, recognizing that higher levels of warming threatens the very survival of a number of our low-lying island members. It is therefore equally imperative that all countries’ long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies for communication in 2020 demonstrate consistency with actions to achieve the 1.5 degrees limit. The international community should take advantage of the 2018 facilitative dialogue to take stock of collective efforts to inform these actions including on the basis of the forthcoming UN Framework Convention (UNFCCC) -mandated Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on 1.5 degrees that was agreed to this week in Nairobi during the IPCC’s 43rd session.
  1. International public finance commitments including financial support will be vital to enabling an ambitious global response. Capacity constraints facing developing countries are particularly severe for those most vulnerable to climate change. Swifter progress towards the achievement of the joint US$100 billion developed country commitment for support to developing countries, including as a priority via the Green Climate Fund, will build confidence in global efforts and contribute to raising ambition. Global resource mobilization must go far beyond the US$100 billion. We further appreciate the new UNFCCC post-2025 joint finance commitment from a floor of US$100 billion by developed countries in support of meaningful developing country climate action. Important Paris Agreement provisions include the consistency of financial flows with low-emissions and climate-resilient development and the need for grant-based finance for adaptation, which is vital for actions among the world’s poorest groups and informal or non-market sectors. We also strongly welcome UNFCCC decisions on efficient access to financial resources through simplified approval procedures and enhanced readiness support for developing countries which are urgent priorities right now. We appreciate the Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency to support developing countries to meet the enhanced transparency requirements and frameworks including on finance. We welcome UNFCCC decisions encouraging all parties to voluntarily contribute to climate finance and recognize those V20 members that have already funded the Convention’s Financial Mechanism while encouraging all countries to consider similar actions.
  1. We continue our call for the internationally agreed balance of climate change finance to be achieved as an even 50:50 allocation between adaptation and mitigation by 2020 at the latest. Lives, health, fragile ecosystems, and progress towards the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals depend on greater support for adaptation given the socio-economic dimensions of climate change vulnerability with the poorest groups, women and children among the hardest hit. We expect the instruments to the UNFCCC Financial Mechanism to demonstrate progress towards early achievement of the balance and will focus our collective vigilance in that respect. We also call for the integration and continuation of the Adaptation Fund under the Financial Mechanism of the Paris Agreement. We call for additional support for our countries for the reinforcement of critical enabling climate finance mobilization capabilities.
Multi-Lateral Cooperation
  1. We express alignment with the G7 on the long-term objective of applying effective policies and actions throughout the global economy in the response to climate change, including carbon market-based and regulatory instruments. We extend appreciation to the G7 for its pledge to intensify support for vulnerable countries own efforts to manage climate change related disaster risk and build resilience. We welcomed the Financial Stability Board’s task force on climate-related financial disclosures and the establishment of a new G20 Green Finance Study Group to identify institutional and market barriers to green finance and develop options on how to enhance the ability of the financial system to mobilize private capital for green investment including in collaboration with external initiatives. We look forward to collaborate closely on these initiatives and call on the G7 and G20 to recognize the need for efforts to achieve the new 1.5 degrees limit and global adaptation goal. We urge G7/G20 steps to scale up climate action consistent with these objectives in solidarity with vulnerable groups inclusive of moves to implement and raise the ambition of previously communicated commitments by 2020 at the latest. We also expect the low greenhouse gas emission strategies of the major economies to demonstrate clear contributions to capping warming at 1.5 degrees.
  1. We urge further enhancement of the climate change focus of Multi-Lateral Development Banks and International Financial Institutions (IFIs), in the context of country-led/country-driven development and national partnerships, as aligned with ambitious new Paris Agreement objectives. We call for coordinated actions especially in the areas of infrastructure, energy and forestry, for the integration of climate change considerations in macroeconomic projections and Article IV IMF consultations. We request IFIs for innovative financing structures and solutions that respect our requirements for debt sustainability and for support on project due diligence and pipeline development. Such efforts would help leverage the full extent of investment opportunities embodied by our national commitments under the Paris Agreement and unlock further ambition as contributions towards achieving the 1.5 degrees limit and global adaptation goal. We welcome the World Bank Climate Change Action Plan, which we expect will make a significant contribution in this respect. In highlighting our need for mechanisms to pool risk and recalling our forthcoming work on carbon pricing, we also called for dedicated support to expand risk pooling and for readiness assistance on mechanisms for pricing emissions.
Next Meeting
  1. We agreed to reconvene at Washington, DC in October 2016 for the third V20 Ministerial Dialogue and directed the Working Group to continue its activities in advancing the priorities of the Group.

V20 Chair’s Opening Statement at the V20 2nd Ministerial Dialogue

Opening Statement of the V20 Chair at the V20 2nd Ministerial Dialogue

H.E. Mr. Cesar Purisima, Hon. Secretary of Finance of the Philippines (V20 Chair)
Second Ministerial Dialogue Vulnerable Twenty (V20) Group at the 2016 Spring Meetings of the IMF and World Bank Group
14 April 2016, 12:15 pm –2 pm Washington, DC, USA
Download the statement (English, Pdf, 0.2mb)
Excellencies, Partners, Colleagues, Ladies and Gentlemen, good afternoon!
Last year was a landmark year for our planet and people. Four documents were adopted internationally, identifying plans of action and setting commitments to address complex issues on development. The Addis Ababa Action Agenda Document under the Financing for Development and the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda set targets and courses for action to achieve sustainable development over a 15-year period. The Sendai Framework 2015-2030 renewed our efforts on disaster risk reduction and resiliency. And before the year has ended, the world witnessed the historic adoption of the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Thus, the launch of the Vulnerable 20 last year could not have happened under a better backdrop. Our membership represents the world’s most urgent rationale for action, with some facing down the threat of extinction with rising global temperatures. Be that as it may, last year’s developments gave us our best hope yet, that we could still unite and work towards climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Today, we meet again to manifest our commitment and pick up the pace of the progress we made on the advocacies we first set during the V20 launch in Lima last October 2015. The commitments we have made during our first Ministerial meeting in Lima and the goals we pushed for in Paris – the temperature goal, the financial goal, and other non-financial commitments – were all borne out of dire existential threats the lives and livelihoods of our people face. Indeed, the very creation of this grouping was such that vulnerable, developing nations—often at the margins, and who far too often go unheard—can band together to voice a clear demand and vision for global climate action, with financing as an integral part of the solution.
While the adoption of the climate agreement in Paris was by all accounts historic, we recognize that this is merely a modest beginning towards securing a sustainable future for our world. The climate agreement retained the less than 2 degrees Celsius target for top emitters while recognizing the importance of working towards a global temperature below 1.5 degrees Celsius. Let us be unequivocal about this: we need to achieve and undertake more ambitious targets, especially for top emitters. We will continue to advocate for a below-1.5 degrees Celsius target, as agreed in Lima last year. This is a matter of survival; settling for less ambitious goals means some of us, our people and our lands, would be wiped off the face of the earth by the ravaging effects of global warming.
If we do not push for stronger measures to arrest dangers, the estimated US$45 billion annual loss of GDP potential since 2010 is expected to increase to close to US$400 billion in the next 20 years, which means an annual loss of at least 2.5% of our GDP potential per year will be escalated.  We would experience a sea level rise that will partially or completely submerge the island nations of Kiribati, Maldives, and Tuvalu, displacing at least 500,000 people. The inundation of approximately 17 percent of land areas and the displacement of about 18 million people by 2050 in the case of Bangladesh will be made more likely.
We know that significant levels of finance, including US$90 trillion in infrastructure investments by 2030, are a requirement. Current estimates argue for more investments for climate action. In a 2014 joint report of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and DARA, the ever increasing funding requirement to finance climate actions have led to a “global deficit in the operational and financial capacities” of governments and non-government humanitarian organizations, to respond to climate-induced problems, especially in the vulnerable countries.[1]
Thus in Lima, we agreed to scale-up and accelerate the rapid mobilization of climate finance. We acknowledged the internationally recognized commitments on climate finance, in particular the US$100 billion per year from 2020 joint mobilization target of developed countries to support developing countries in responding to climate change. The Paris Agreement has also stressed the goal of US$100 billion per year by 2025 and as a floor thereafter.
Our members appreciate the considerable progress achieved as developed nations strive to deliver on the joint 2020 mobilization commitment of US$100 billion per year for global climate action. According to a recent OECD report in 2014 however, mobilization levels were still US$38 billion short of this figure, underscoring just how much remains to be accomplished in the next 5 years. The V20 Group is convinced closing the outstanding gap to US$100 billion is not only achievable, but that it may even be surpassed prior to 2020 in order to secure fast-tracked climate protection and benefits for all—if we keep up the healthy amount of pressure for progress for the sake of the most vulnerable of our populations.
We are encouraged that developed countries have scaled up financial and non-financial resources through announced commitments and pledges of contributions. We will count on developed countries to fulfill their commitments towards providing “public and grant-based resources for adaptation” and achieving the balanced funding for adaptation and mitigation, focusing on “particularly vulnerable” countries with significant capacity constraints from the Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States.[2] The formulation of a clear, concrete road map for support is crucial in the delivery of these commitments. We need more clarity on how the US$100 billion will exactly be mobilized.
The V20 has set in place an ambitious goal of mobilizing US$20 billion per year by 2020 to address country determined priorities to support the implementation of INDCs [Intended Nationally Determined Contributions] [3] as well as plans consistent with low emissions and climate-resilient development. We continue to call on partners and financial mechanisms to achieve simplified and efficient application and approval procedures of accessing climate finance, and through continued readiness support to developing country Parties, including the least developed countries and small island developing States, both for the period before and after 2025.
As the fight for our survival and future continues, we welcome into our V20 Group our new 23 member countries (member countries of our sister initiative, the Climate Vulnerable Forum, inducted in December 2015). Our growing number strengthens collective advocacy by assembling more voices and more hands towards global climate financing solutions. Our growing membership should not dilute our focus nor keep us from serving the core needs of our most vulnerable members.
As we look towards COP22 in Morocco, our shared view in setting strong and innovative policies should translate to more accessible policy, financial, and technical resources. Our Group will be relentless in continuing to pursue transformative solutions for our shared climate-resilient future.
I hope today will turn out to be a productive Ministerial meeting. May we have a meaningful discussion and work to agree on the targeted outputs and deliverables this afternoon.
I look forward to building on our progress today.
Thank you.
[1] UN OCHA and DARA (2014). Saving Lives Today and Tomorrow. Managing the Risk of Humanitarian Crises. http://resources.daraint.org/sltt/complete_report.pdf
[2] As contained in COP 21 decision text 1/CP.21 and Article 4 of the Paris Agreement.
[3] World Resources Institute presentation material on Climate Finance Accounting during the 2nd Working Group Meeting of V20 on March 29-30, 2016
Photo caption: H.E. Mr. Cesar Purisima, Hon. Secretary of Finance of the Philippines delivering the Philippines CVF Chair opening statement at the V20 2nd Ministerial Dialogue at the 2016 Spring Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group, Board Room, World Bank Main Complex, Washington DC (14 April 2016); Source: CVF/UNDP; Licence: CC